Tithing hurts people. It really does. One one side of the tracks there are those who are simply poor and cannot afford to pay one-tenth of their income in a tithe, and so they struggle, fall deeper into debt and some even lose their home. Tithing hurts these people.
So why do people who can't afford to give ten percent strive to give ten percent, hurting themselves to do so, while those who can afford to give more simply settle on giving ten percent?
The answer is found in Malachi 3:8-12
"Will man rob God? Yet you are robbing me. But you say, 'How have we robbed you?' In your tithes and contributions. You are cursed with a curse, for you are robbing me, the whole nation of you. Bring the full tithe into the storehouse, that there may be food in my house. And thereby put me to the test, says the LORD of hosts, if I will not open the windows of heaven for you and pour down for you a blessing until there is no more need. I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not destroy the fruits of your soil, and your vine in the field shall not fail to bear, says the LORD of hosts. Then all nations will call you blessed, for you will be a land of delight, says the LORD of hosts."
When the subject of tithe is brought up, this passage is usually the first to be mentioned. One person will say to another, "you don't want to be guilty of robbing God do you? So you better give your tithe." And so the rich and poor alike are taught to believe that God wants them to give ten percent of their income. But, let's look into this passage and examine it with some depth of understanding and see what's really going on here. Does Malachi really teach that God wants 10% of our income?
Here's the background. The Lord had given Israel laws regarding what they were to tithe. Each year the Lord had commanded them to give two different tithes. So they were commanded to give 20% per year. In Malachi's day, the Israelites were not obeying the Lord's command to give the necessary 20% per year and so God rebuked them through Malachi. Twenty percent may sound like a lot, but the Lord also commanded them to give 30% every third year. So in year 1 and year 2 they were commanded to give two tithes, and in year three they were commanded to give three tithes. They were not obeying these commands, so God sent Malachi to rebuke them and remind them of the tithes that the Lord had commanded them to give. Let's look at them.
There is also a fourth tithe taken by the king, so that would have made tithing a much higher percentage than 30%. But I'm not including this in my calculations since Israel was not supposed to have a king in the first place. (1 Samuel 8:14-17)
So if we don't include the king's tithe, then we end up with a yearly average of about 23%. This is not steep and it's not surprising. This was for the support of the Levites and Priests, upkeep of the temple and all who worked in it, the poor, the immigrant, and the orphans and widows.
ROBBING GOD- HOW MUCH DID GOD REQUIRE?
When Malachi rebukes the people of Israel for not giving their tithe, the amount is somewhere between 20% and 30% per year. But notice that Malachi does not stop there. He says that they are robbing God because they are not giving their tithes OR their "contributions." The Israelites were commanded not only to give the 20%-30% per year in tithes, but they were also commanded to give contributions. As we've seen so far, the tithe would go to support people, while the contribution on the other hand was to be an offering that went to the Lord and would be offered up on the altar. So not only were they required to give the tithe to support the ministers, the poor, the immigrants and widows, but they were required to give offerings straight to God. This puts the overall percentage far above 30%.
SO WHY DO PASTORS TEACH 10%?
What pastors have done today is affirm that all those rules and regulations have been done away with and so we're no longer required to give a poor tithe, or a party tithe or mandated offerings to God. But then they turn around and resurrect the idea of the Levitical tithe and leave it standing on its own. For the life of me I can't figure out how that's possible? How can we simply pick and choose which tithes we want to resurrect and which ones we don't? And if we can pick and choose, then why would we not resurrect the party tithe?... but I digress. The point is, we can't pick and choose which ones we want to resurrect. They're all gone and nothing remains, but if they are not all gone, then they all remain. We can't take some, leave some. We either have to obey ALL of God's laws on tithing or we have to leave them behind in the Old Covenant, where they belong.
But as it is, the pastor usually teaches his church that giving the "Levitical tithe" is necessary. Then they identify themselves as the new Levites since the Levites were the "pastors" and priests of Israel. This makes some sense. After all, pastors make their living off of teaching the word of God just like the Levites did. But are pastors of today just like the Levites? Not exactly. Pastors today are able to own land, they are able to invest their money, they are allowed to make a profit. The Levites were not allowed to do any of these things, which is why God commanded a tithe to be given to them.
So there you have it. Malachi is not teaching that we have to give 10% to anyone. The Israelites had to give tithes and offerings. It was the law. They were breaking the law that God had given them. God sent Malachi to rebuke them for their lawbreaking. Are you under the law? If you are, then you have to keep all of it. You don't get to pick and choose.
HOW MUCH DO WE HAVE TO GIVE NOW?
There is no tithing law. Please listen to me. Please be aware that the secrets of your heart are being judged right now by God in how much you give or don't give. And he's not judging by percent, he's judging you based on what, or whom you love, and we all know that where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.